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How To Write Clearly: Rules and Exercises on English Composition by Edwin Abbott, M.A.

How To Write Clearly: Rules and Exercises on English Composition by Edwin Abbott, M.A.
  • #: 241281
  • Price: $1.99 In Apple Store
  • Category: Reference
  • Updated: 2010-10-26
  • Current Version: 1.0
  • 1.0
  • Size: 3.10 MB
  • Language: English
  • Seller: NTG Corp.
  • Requirements: Compatible with iPad. Requires iOS 3.2 or later
  • © NTG CORP.
  •  Add to Favorite apps



Learn Proper Writing and Composition Skills with this Comprehensive iPad Resource Guide. This App will teach you how to perfect your writing and composition skills through proven rules and exercises.

*Featured in the TOP 100 Reference APPS for iPad*

Topics Include:

1. USE words in their proper sense.

2. Avoid exaggerations.

3. Avoid useless circumlocution and "fine writing."

4. Be careful in the use of "not ... and, " "any, " "but, " "only, " "not ... or, " "that."

4 a. Be careful in the use of ambiguous words, e.g. "certain."

5. Be careful in the use of "he, " "it, " "they, " "these, " &c.

6. Report a speech in the First Person, where necessary to avoid ambiguity.

7. When you use a Participle implying "when, " "while, " "though, " or "that, " show clearly by the context what is implied.

8. When using the Relative Pronoun, use "who" or "which, " if the meaning is "and he" or "and it, " "for he" or "for it." In other cases use "that, " if euphony allows. Exceptions.

9. Do not use "and which" for "which."

10. Equivalents for the Relative: (a) Participle or Adjective; (b) Infinitive; (c) "Whereby, " "whereto, " &c.; (d) "If a man;" (e) "And he, " "and this, " &c.; (f) "what;" (g) omission of Relative.

11. Use particular for general terms. Avoid abstract Nouns.

12. Use particular persons instead of a class.

13. Use metaphor instead of literal statement.

14. Do not confuse metaphor.

15. Emphatic words must stand in emphatic positions; i.e., for the most part, at the beginning or the end of the sentence.

16. The Subject, if unusually emphatic, should often be transferred from the beginning of the sentence.

17. The Object is sometimes placed before the Verb for emphasis.

18. Where several words are emphatic, make it clear which is the most emphatic. Emphasis can sometimes be given by adding an epithet, or an intensifying word.

19. Words should be as near as possible to the words with which they are grammatically connected.

20. Adverbs should be placed next to the words they are intended to qualify.

21. "Only"; the strict rule is that "only" should be placed before the word it affects.

22. When "not only" precedes "but also, " see that each is followed by the same part of speech.

23. "At least, " "always, " and other adverbial adjuncts, sometimes produce ambiguity.

24. Nouns should be placed near the Nouns that they define.

25. Pronouns should follow the Nouns to which they refer, without the intervention of any other Noun.

26. Clauses that are grammatically connected should be kept as close together as possible. Avoid parentheses. But see 55.

27. In conditional sentences, the antecedent or "if-clauses" must be kept distinct from the consequent clauses.

28. Dependent clauses preceded by "that" should be kept distinct from those that are independent.

29. Where there are several infinitives, those that are dependent on the same word must be kept distinct from those that are not.

30. The principle of Suspense.

31. Suspense must not be excessive.

32. In a sentence with "if, " "when, " "though, " &c., put the "if-clause, " antecedent, or protasis, first.

33. Suspense is gained by placing a Participle or Adjective, that qualifies the Subject, before the Subject.

34. Suspensive Conjunctions, e.g. "either, " "not only, " "on the one hand, " &c., add clearness.

35. Repeat the Subject, where its omission would cause obscurity or ambiguity.

36. Repeat a Preposition after an intervening Conjunction, especially if a Verb and an Object also intervene.

37. Repeat Conjunctions, Auxiliary Verbs, and Pronominal Adjectives.

38. Repeat the Subject, or some other emphatic word, or a summary of what has been said, if the sentence is so long that it is difficult to keep the thread of meaning unbroken.

39. Clearness is increased, when the beginning of the sentence prepares the way for the middle, and the middle for the end, the whole forming a kind of ascent. This ascent is called "climax."

And Much Much More!

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2/5 stars

Not current

Apparent reprint of a British schoolboy textbook from the 1880's. Would not have purchased if that info had been prominently displayed in app info. Grammar practices do vary on this side of the pond and in this century.


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The information may be outdated (2011-05-01 18:00:09). For actual information go to iTunes

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